SUMMARY OF THE FINAL REPORT – 53rd SUMMIT OF THE CONFERENCE OF HEADS OF STATE AND GOVERNMENT OF ECOWAS

Lomé, 31 July 2018
I. INTRODUCTION

1. The 40th regular meeting of the ECOWAS Mediation and Security Council at Ministerial level was held on 7 July 2018, in Lomé, Togolese Republic. It was devoted to examining the political and security situation in the region, with particular emphasis on Côte d’Ivoire, The Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau and Togo. The deliberations also covered a number of topics including the political and security situation in the region, the status of the establishment of Maritime Zones F and G, the operationalization of the ECOWAS Multinational Maritime Coordination Centers (MMCCs). , the report of the ministerial meeting on transhumance and the establishment of early warning and response centers.

2. The meeting was chaired by HE Prof. Robert DUSSEY, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Cooperation and African Integration of the Togolese Republic, with the participation of all members of the Mediation and Security Council.

3. The United Nations Office for West Africa and the Sahel (UNOWAS) and the West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU) also participated in this meeting as observers.
II. CONDUCT OF WORK

4. The Council listened to the report of the 28th meeting of the Mediation and Security Council at the level of Ambassadors held on 20 June 2018 in Abuja, Federal Republic of Nigeria and presented by Her Excellency Lena DIMBAN, Permanent Representative of the Togolese Republic with ECOWAS. It took note of the report and the conclusions and recommendations contained therein.

5. The Council deliberated on the following points:

at. Memorandum on the political and security situation in the region

6. The Chairman of the ECOWAS Commission presented to the Council the Memorandum on the security situation in the region, emphasizing the following points:

7. With regard to The Gambia, it appears that the political climate in The Gambia remained relatively calm during the period under review. However, The Gambia still faces serious and serious security problems with far-reaching consequences. However, the implementation of the defense and security sector reforms (RSDS) is still pending, although it was discussed at the donors’ conference on The Gambia held in Brussels on 22 May 2018. The promises made by international partners at the donor conference amounted to € 1.45 billion.

8. Following discussions on this point, the Council submits to the Conference of Heads of State and Government the following main recommendations:

i. Extend the mandate of MICEGA to its scheduled expiry at the end of July 2018.
ii. Urge the Gambian authorities to develop a national security architecture and policy, mainly through the Defense and Security Sector Reform (RSDS);
iii. Encourage the Gambian authorities to ensure effective and efficient coordination of activities taking into account the multiplicity of international partners willing to support The Gambia, and in particular the reform of its Defense and Security Sector (RSDS).
iv. Instruct the ECOWAS Commission to help the country to put in place the necessary framework and mechanism for national dialogue and national reconciliation;
v. Also instruct the ECOWAS Commission to support joint operations between ECOMIG and the Gambian security agencies;

9. With regard to Guinea Bissau, a point of the political situation has been made by the ECOWAS Commission since the Extraordinary Summit on the situation in Guinea-Bissau held on 14 April 2018 in Lomé (Togo), during which the authorities adopted a new timetable as follows:

– The appointment of Mr. Aristides Gomes as Prime Minister by consensus. A Presidential Decree officially ratified this appointment on April 17, 2018
– The holding of the parliamentary elections on November 18, 2018.

10. The Council welcomed the progress achieved in overcoming the political stalemate and took note of the reopening of the National Assembly on 19 April 2018, the vote of the Government’s program and budget by the Parliament, the appointment of the members of the National Electoral Commission and the extension of the mandate of the current legislature. The Council noted that, in accordance with the timetable, an inclusive government has been formed and that the members of the National Electoral Commission have been appointed to prepare for the parliamentary elections scheduled for 18 November 2018. While noting the progress that has been made So far, the Council has expressed its concern about the slow pace of the implementation of the electoral calendar and the difficulties encountered in financing the elections.

11. At the end of the discussions, the Council submits to the Conference of Heads of State and Government the following main recommendations:

i. Urge the stakeholders of Guinea-Bissau to remain faithful to their commitments to the Roadmap adopted on April 14, 2018 in Lomé and to create the conducive political environment and put in place the necessary logistics for the smooth conduct of the November 2018 legislative elections .
ii. Call on all member states to support, to the extent of their capacity, the electoral process underway in Guinea-Bissau;
iii. Extend ECOMIB’s mandate to maintain the progress that has been made in the field of security in the country;
iv. Urge the authorities of Guinea-Bissau to continue preparations for the parliamentary elections scheduled for November 2018;

12. With regard to the political situation in Togo, the Council took note of the nomination by the Conference of Heads of State and Government of their Excellencies Messrs. Nana Addo Dankwa Ako-Addo, President of Ghana and Alpha Condé, President the Republic of Guinea as ECOWAS Facilitators to assist the Togolese Government and political actors in finalizing constitutional and political reforms in accordance with legal deadlines, democratic standards and principles.

13. The Council took note of the various consultations conducted within the framework of the facilitation, in particular the consultative meeting on the socio-political situation in Togo, held on 20 May 2018 in Lomé under the chairmanship of Mr. Albert Kan-DAPAAH (Minister National Security Council of the Republic of Ghana, representing Nana Addo Dankwa AKUFO-ADDO). The Council was informed that this meeting, to which the President of the ECOWAS Commission, His Excellency Jean-Claude KASSI BROU also participated, renewed the call to all Togolese political parties and stakeholders of the society. to abstain from any act of violence.

14. At the end of the discussions, the Council submits to the Conference of Heads of State and Government the following main recommendations:

i. Encourage an inclusive political dialogue with all stakeholders to achieve a mutually acceptable outcome;
ii. Continue to support the mediation processes of the Presidents of Ghana and Guinea;
i. Instruct the ECOWAS Commission to accompany the mediation process led by the Presidents of Ghana and Guinea by providing technical support;

11. At the end of the discussions, the Council submits to the Conference of Heads of State and Government the following main recommendations:

i. Urge the stakeholders of Guinea-Bissau to remain faithful to their commitments to the Roadmap adopted on April 14, 2018 in Lomé and to create the conducive political environment and put in place the necessary logistics for the smooth conduct of the November 2018 legislative elections .
ii. Call on all member states to support, to the extent of their capacity, the electoral process underway in Guinea-Bissau;
iii. Extend ECOMIB’s mandate to maintain the progress that has been made in the field of security in the country;
iv. Urge the authorities of Guinea-Bissau to continue preparations for the parliamentary elections scheduled for November 2018;

12. With regard to the political situation in Togo, the Council took note of the nomination by the Conference of Heads of State and Government of their Excellencies Messrs. Nana Addo Dankwa Ako-Addo, President of Ghana and Alpha Condé, President the Republic of Guinea as ECOWAS Facilitators to assist the Togolese Government and political actors in finalizing constitutional and political reforms in accordance with legal deadlines, democratic standards and principles.

13. The Council took note of the various consultations conducted within the framework of the facilitation, in particular the consultative meeting on the socio-political situation in Togo, held on 20 May 2018 in Lomé under the chairmanship of Mr. Albert Kan-DAPAAH (Minister National Security Council of the Republic of Ghana, representing Nana Addo Dankwa AKUFO-ADDO). The Council was informed that this meeting, to which the President of the ECOWAS Commission, His Excellency Jean-Claude KASSI BROU also participated, renewed the call to all Togolese political parties and stakeholders of the society. to abstain from any act of violence.

14. At the end of the discussions, the Council submits to the Conference of Heads of State and Government the following main recommendations:

i. Encourage an inclusive political dialogue with all stakeholders to achieve a mutually acceptable outcome;
ii. Continue to support the mediation processes of the Presidents of Ghana and Guinea;
i. Instruct the ECOWAS Commission to accompany the mediation process led by the Presidents of Ghana and Guinea by providing technical support;

15. With regard to terrorism in the region and in the Lake Chad Basin, the Council noted that the situation in the region remains fragile due to the continuing activities of violent extremism and terrorism.

16. The Council noted the outstanding achievements of Nigeria and the Multinational Joint Task Force in the eradication of Boko Haram. The Council noted that despite the fact that Boko Haram has been greatly weakened and no longer controls any part of Nigerian territory, suicidal attacks against vulnerable targets are still relevant. It was also noted that the threat persists despite the decrease in the number of terrorist attacks, due to various initiatives by the Nigerian Federal Government and the Joint Multinational Force.

17. With regard to Mali, the Council noted that the security situation deteriorated over the months with an increase in asymmetric attacks against civilians, the international defense and security forces and MINUSMA. The absence of local authorities also increases the vulnerability of the population and the risk of radicalization of young people.

18. However, the Council took note of recent progress in the implementation of the Agreement for Peace and Reconciliation in Mali, resulting from the Algiers Process, including:

– The establishment of interim authorities in the five northern regions;
– A budget of more than 8 billion CFA francs is available for the year 2018 for investment and technical support to these authorities;
– The operationalization of the OMC (Operational Coordination Mechanism) of Gao, Kidal and Timbuktu;
– The start of the DDR process with the start of the pre-registration phase of ex-combatants;
– The absence of belligerence between the Malian Armed Forces (FAMA) and the Signatory Movements, on the one hand, and the effectiveness, since August 2017, of the truce concluded between the signatory movements (CMA and Platform) on the other hand;
– The arrival of the Carter Center as an Independent Observer and the production of its first report on the implementation of the Agreement.

19. The Council welcomes these encouraging developments and urges the Government of Mali to continue efforts to implement the Agreement with a view to stabilizing the country.

20. With regard to Burkina Faso, the Council was informed of the security situation in the country, which is generally characterized by terrorist attacks, mainly in its northern part. In response to this situation, and in addition to measures of military response, Burkina Faso has developed the emergency program for the Sahel (PUS) of about 500 billion CFA francs to accelerate the development of this region. In addition, as a member of the G5 Sahel, Burkina Faso has requested ECOWAS support for this organization as part of the operationalization of the Joint Force.

21. While welcoming the successful results recorded in the military field, the Council nevertheless considered that it was necessary for other appropriate measures to be taken to contain terrorist activities. To this end, it promotes the exchange of information and intelligence among member states, as well as long-term durable solutions to prevent violent extremism and radicalization.

22. At the end of the discussions, the Council submits to the Conference of Heads of State and Government the following main recommendations:

i. Reiterate the firm condemnation of all terrorist acts and reaffirm the determination of the Member States and the ECOWAS Commission to put an end to this scourge;

ii. Instruct the ECOWAS Commission to effectively implement the decisions adopted by the Mediation and Security Council at its last sessions;

iii. Welcome the initiative for the forthcoming ECOWAS-ECCAS Joint Summit on “Peace, Security, Radicalization and Violent Extremism in the ECOWAS-ECCAS Area” in Lomé on July 30, 2018, and call on the Commission to take diligent action to successfully organize this Summit.

23. With regard to the latest developments on elections in the region, the Council noted with satisfaction that the general elections held on 31 March 2018 in Sierra Leone were conducted in a professional manner with the support of ECOWAS, the ECOWAS Parliamentarians and other international partners.

24. On Mali, the Council took note of the preparations for holding the presidential election scheduled for 29 July 2018 in a fragile political and security context. He noted the deployment of the ECOWAS Pre-Election Assessment Mission and the mission deployed by the ECOWAS Commission to assess the security environment before the elections. The Council was informed that the election campaign began on 7 July 2018 and the availability of biometric voter cards.

25. It should be emphasized that a specific Memorandum on Elections in Mali will be submitted to the consideration of this Conference during its in-camera session.

b) Memorandum on the establishment of maritime zones F and G and the operationalization of the Multinational Maritime Centers of Coordination of ECOWAS (CMMC)

26. The Council has reviewed the above-mentioned Memorandum and noted the need to speed up the signing of the various Multilateral Agreements at ministerial level in order to establish Maritime Zones F and G and the Additional Protocols to the Multilateral Agreements on Establishment , the organization and operation of the Multinational Maritime Coordination Centers of E, F and G Zones.

27. At the end of the discussions, the Council submits to the Conference of Heads of State and Government the following main recommendations:

i. To authorize the signing of the Multilateral Agreements with a view to the establishment of Maritime Zones F and G to eradicate illegal activities in the maritime area of ​​West Africa and Legal Instruments on the establishment, organization and operation of the Multinational Maritime Coordinating Centers (MCMCs) of Maritime Zones E, F and G.

c) Presentation of the report of the ministerial meeting on transhumance

28. The Council listened to the report of the meeting of Ministers for Security and Agriculture / Livestock on the transhumance of ECOWAS held on 26 April 2018 in Abuja, presented by the Minister of Defense of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, Division General (retired) Mansur Muhammad Dan Ali. The Council took note of the conclusions and recommendations contained in the report and called on the ECOWAS Commission to take diligent action for their implementation.

d) Briefing on National Early Warning Centers

29. The Council was informed of the status of implementation of the early warning and response mechanism in the remaining ten (10) Member States. The Council also welcomed the forthcoming operationalization of the Early Warning Center in Guinea Bissau, while stressing the urgent need to put in place the same mechanisms in the other 10 remaining Member States.

III. CLOSING WORD

30. In his closing remarks, HE Prof. Robert DUSSEY, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Cooperation and African Integration of the Togolese Republic and President of the Mediation and Security Council, expressed his gratitude to the members of the Council for the quality of the deliberations and declared the meeting closed.

DATED AT LOME, JULY 31, 2018
………………………………………………………………………
HE Prof. Robert DUSSEY
PRESIDENT OF THE COUNCIL

Cooperation : Visa exemption between Togo and the Centrafrican Republic

African integration is becoming more concrete. Togolese will go to the Central African Republic without a visa and vice versa. Togolese wishing to visit Central African Republic will no longer need visas. The foreign ministers of Togo and Central African Republic, respectively Robert Dussey and Charles Armel Doubane, signed an exemption agreement on Sunday in Lome.

This measure applies to all passports: ordinary, service and diplomatic passports.

Welcome speech from Prof. Robert DUSSEY at the interministerial meeting of the ECCAS-ECOWAS Joint Summit

Ladies and gentlemen, Ministers of ECOWAS,
Ladies and gentlemen Ministers of ECCAS,
Mr. President of the ECOWAS Commission,
Mr. Secretary General of ECCAS,

Ladies and gentlemen,

Togo feels honored every time it hosts an event of this level. I would like, on behalf of the President of the Togolese Republic and President-in-Office of ECOWAS, Mr. Faure Essozimna GNASSINGBE, to welcome you to our cosmopolitan city where no visitor is foreign.

You are at home and I invite you to feel at ease. The Latin poet and playwright Terence, to whom some people of African origins, said in a very Togolese accent: “I am a man, and I do not consider anything human as foreign to me.” Anyone who visits Togo sees and lives his regime humanist of hospitality. For Togo, the reception of the other, whoever he may be, wherever he comes from, is more than a duty. The human being wherever it happens, said the philosopher Kant in his book Project of perpetual peace, has the right to hospitality. Moreover, the value of hospitality is one of the values ​​that our African societies still have to teach in the world. You will not deny me!

Ministers, dear colleagues,

Your presence in Lome responds to an imperative of the day: that of interregional cooperation to better face some of the crucial common challenges facing our two regions. It reflects the empowering or empowering option of ECCAS and ECOWAS for working in cooperation. I welcome this spirit between our two regional communities and remain convinced that the integration project at the African level requires strengthening regional and interregional cooperation. The joint organization of this summit is an example of successful intra-African cooperation.

We need to intensify cooperation between our communities. The joint organization of this ECCAS and ECOWAS summit on peace, security, stability and the fight against violent extremism and terrorism is proof that interregional cooperation is under way in Africa. Cooperation, by its Latin etymology, means working together on a common work. ECCAS and ECOWAS have understood that together we must take responsibility for the security of our interregional space and the Summit of Heads of State and Government of 30 July which will be sanctioned by a joint declaration is a very important one. beautiful illustration.
Violent extremism and terrorism, wherever they may be, threaten peace and stability wherever they may be. By coming together to face the extremist and terrorist dangers together, our two communities have taken the measure of danger and realized that synergistic action is a guarantee of effectiveness. By taking the initiative of this summit, the two Presidents-in-Office of ECCAS and ECOWAS as well as the two Community Institutions have understood that the form taken today by the security challenges and the uncertainties they induce in terms of development and human security makes synergistic action indispensable. The challenge being collective, the response or the action must be too.
Security is a vital human need, a community and interregional public good that we must defend at all costs. “There are just wars,” says André MALRAUX in one of his books whose title is L’espoir. The war against terrorism and for regional and interregional security and stability is a just war. No progress and human development without peace and security.

The military response is needed against the danger of extremism and terrorism, but it is not a sufficient remedy. Our two regions are destined to win the war against ignorance, radicalization, fundamentalism and extremism. It is a question of weaning the terrorism of its favorable grounds by the prevention which implies the education with lucidity. It is through lucid education that we will be right about the indoctrination, radicalism and extremism that feeds terrorism. To overcome terrorism, we must win the fight of education, here understood in the holistic sense of the term.
By reiterating my fraternal welcome to our capital, in your capital, I wish you a pleasant and pleasant stay in Lome.

Thank you.

ECOWAS / ECCAS Summit: “Everything is ready”, According to Minister Robert Dussey

Lome will be in the limelight in a few days. And for good reason, the Togolese capital houses the joint summit of ECOWAS Heads of State and those of ECCAS and the meeting of ECOWAS Heads of State respectively on July 30th and 31st. In an interview given to our colleagues from the Agence Savoir News, the head of the Togolese diplomacy, Prof. Robert Dussey returned mainly to the organization of the ECOWAS / ECCAS summit. The Minister of Foreign Affairs for African Cooperation and Integration insists that everything is ready for this high-level meeting.

Read below the entire interview.

Savoir News: Minister, everything is ready for this great meeting? If not, what are the last settings?

Robert Dussey: Lome, the Togolese capital is historically known to all, to be the crossroads of major international conferences. This year, we hosted about ten sub-regional and international meetings, including those of the ACP-EU, the 79
of the ACP and the 28 of the EU, and those of two important bodies of ECOWAS, namely the Council of Europe. Mediation and Security, and the Council of Foreign Ministers. The President of the Republic Faure Gnassingbé and his government work to ensure a perfect organization of all major meetings that Lome hosts, and to the satisfaction of all Togolese. At the time I am speaking to you, we are totally ready, and on all levels.

Two meetings took place in recent days in Lomé as a prelude to this summit? Can you come back to these two meetings for our readers? And what did the participants discuss?

As elsewhere, all summits of Heads of State and Government are preceded by several preparatory sessions, including those of experts and ministers. This was the case a few days ago, that is to say on July 10, 11, 2018 in Lomé, where experts from ECOWAS and ECCAS discussed peace, security, stability, the fight against against terrorism and violent extremism, the theme that will be at the heart of the unprecedented Summit of Heads of State and Government of the two Community spaces. Of course, the reflection on this theme has made it possible to scrutinize the security situation in the two Community spaces, but also the national strategies for the fight against terrorism, as well as the legal instruments in this area and the final declaration.

Approximately how many Heads of State and Government are expected at this Summit, as Togo has a strong tradition of mobilizing Heads of State for these major meetings .

A small calculation of the member countries of ECOWAS and ECCAS, and you will know it (laughter)! We are expecting about twenty heads of state and government.

An ECOWAS-ECCAS Summit …. What will be the main topics on the menu?

As I said, debates will focus on peace, security, stability, the fight against terrorism and violent extremism. It will be for ECOWAS and ECCAS to have a strong involvement in securing the two spaces, pledge of all growth prospects or development of our nations. END

Interview by Junior AUREL (Savoir News)

Final preparations before the Nouakchott summit

African Union (AU) leaders meet on Sunday in Nouakchott for a summit focused on strengthening continental integration.

This 31st Ordinary Summit of the AU focuses on the fight against corruption. The participants will talk integration and reforms of the organization, implementation of the Free Trade Area, single market for air transport, stability, fight against terrorism, migration crisis …

The Togolese Minister of Foreign Affairs, Robert Dussey, has been involved since the beginning of the week in the preparatory meetings.

President Faure Gnassingbe, in charge of the Open Sky file, will make the trip to Nouakchott.

Press Release : Official visit of Minister Robert DUSSEY to Jerusalem

Statement of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Cooperation and African Integration

Jerusalem on June 12, 2018.

1- At the invitation of the Prime Minister of Israel, HE Mr. Benyamin NETANYAHOU, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Cooperation and African Integration HE Prof. Robert DUSSEY paid an official visit to Jerusalem on June 11 and 12, 2018;

2- This visit follows the visit by HE Faure Essozimna GNASSINGBE, President of the Togolese Republic, President-in-Office of ECOWAS from 7 to 11 August 2016 in Israel;

3- It should be recalled that during this visit, the Togolese Head of State and the Prime Minister of Israel agreed, in accordance with the so-called principle of “privileged relations”, to increase their mutual trust and to broaden their cooperation in other areas;

4- The exchanges between the Minister DUSSEY and the Prime Minister NETANYAHOU focused on issues of common interest of a bilateral and multilateral nature;

5- Addressing bilateral issues, Minister DUSSEY and Prime Minister NETANYAHOU welcomed the dynamism of the cooperation between their two countries and reviewed the great achievements of the decisions of the first major joint commission of cooperation;

6- In this regard, they welcomed the concrete and fruitful actions of the Israeli Agency for International Development Cooperation (MASHAV) in the development process of Togo, particularly in the health and agriculture sectors, and agreed to continue its efforts;

With Rabbi Shmuel Rabinovich, Rabbi of the Wailing Wall and Holy Places

7- They also noted the need to relaunch the work of the second major joint commission for cooperation between the two countries and to support the actions of the two governments in the fields of rural development, education, science and technology, community development, social protection and promotion, and the integration of women in the development process;

8- During this visit, HE Prof. Robert DUSSEY and his delegation had working sessions with the Director General of the Israel Agency for International Development Cooperation (MASHAV);

9- At the end of the exchanges, the two parties agreed on the upcoming visit to Lome of a delegation of Israeli experts for discussions with the technical ministries to better take into account the priorities of the Togolese government in accordance with the axes the National Development Program (PND);

10- Talking about the situation at the multilateral level, the Togolese Foreign Minister and the Israeli Prime Minister addressed issues related to the Syrian and Middle East crises, deploring the situations in this part of the world and calling on all stakeholders dialogue and restraint to preserve peace;

11. Concerning the resurgence of terrorism and acts of maritime piracy, they reaffirmed their strong condemnation and called for the pooling of efforts as well as the continuation of international cooperation with a view to their eradication;

12- At the end of his visit, the Head of Togolese diplomacy reassured the Israeli government that Togo is at its side and will always support it in the international bodies to which their two countries are members.

Togo is appointed Chairman of the Central Group of ACP negotiations (Post Cotonou 2020)

Press release

The work of the 107th Session of the ACP Council of Ministers ended this afternoon in Lomé on the eve of the opening of the 43rd Session of the ACP-EU Council of Ministers with the adoption of the Post-Cotonou Negotiations Mandate .

Togo, which has been designated to chair the Central Negotiating Group, has been formally handed over the Post-Cotonou negotiating mandate. This is the Prof. Robert DUSSEY, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Cooperation and African Integration, who received on behalf of the Head of State HE Mr. Faure ESSOZIMNA GNASSINGBÉ, President of the Togolese Republic, President-in-Office of ECOWAS, from the hands of Mrs. Kamina JOHNSON SMITH, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Jamaica, President of the ACP Council of Ministers, said mandate.

It should be recalled that the Central Negotiating Group (NPG) is composed as follows:

1.TOGO (presidency), represented by Professor Robert DUSSEY
2. GUYANA, represented by Honorable Carl GREENIDGE
3. JAMAICA, represented by Honorable Senator Kamina JOHNSON SMITH
4. PAPUA NEW GUINEA, represented by Honorable Pato RIMBINK
5. SAMOA, represented by Honorable Fiame NOAMI MATAAFA
6. CAMEROON, represented by Honorable Alamine OUSMANE
7. CHAD, represented by Honorable Dr. Issa DOUBRAGNE
8. ETHIOPIA, represented by Honorable Dr. Abraham TEKETSE
9. KENYA, represented by Dr. Julius MUIA
10. NAMIBIA, represented by Honorable Tweya TJEKERO
11. LESOTHO, represented by Honorable Majoro MOEKETSI
12. NIGERIA, represented by Mr Ogudanya ADEKUNLE.

In the process, the central bargaining group chaired by the negotiator Chief Prof. Robert DUSSEY, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Cooperation and of African Integration of Togo, held a first consultation meeting in Lomé on the conduct of negotiations with the European Union, main partner of the ACP Group. Negotiations for Post-Cotonou begin
the month of August 2018.

Opening Address of the 107th Session of the ACP Council of Ministers

Excellency Mrs. Kamina Johnson Smith, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade of Jamaica, President-in-Office of the ACP Council of Ministers,

Distinguished Ministers, Heads of Delegations,

Mr. Secretary General of the ACP Group,

Madam, President of the ACP Committee of Ambassadors,

Distinguished Ambassadors and Heads of Mission,

Ladies and gentlemen,

By choosing Togo to host this Hundred-and-seventh (107th) Session of the ACP Council of Ministers, which will be followed by the Forty-third (43rd) Session of the ACP-EU Council of Ministers, our organization has reiterated its attachment to Lomé, a city whose name is consubstantially linked to its memory and recollections both distant and recent. 


The ACP Group is a Whole, whose survival depends on the commitment of each Member State. It is in a spirit of cooperation and interaction that we can assume the responsibilities that are ours .

The challenges we face today are numerous and we must make wise, strategic and responsible choices to reposition the ACP Group on the international stage. From the quality and fecundity of our choices, initiatives and actions will result the enabling – or better – empowering dividends that can help our States reduce inequalities and sustainably eradicate poverty.

Your meeting is taking place at a time when tendencies towards self-withdrawal seem to threaten our being-together, testing our Group’s fundamentals such as solidarity, unity and cohesion.

What do we do together for scientific research and mobility of students and teachers? Many of our countries have, more than others, proven expertise in specific areas such as new technologies, e-governance, tourism, agriculture, health, ocean management, and so on ; so many diversities and opportunities that we need to pool more than ever ! We must initiate new forms of cooperation. By working together in a spirit of solidarity, our Group can succeed in making our populations the development actors we want. 


Climate change, increasingly devastating natural disasters, migration, terrorism and insecurity are, among other things, today the crucial challenges or problems facing our world. The ACP Group must work in coordination with the entire international community to find significant and lasting solutions.

From 2000 till this day, both our partner and our Group have undergone profound changes that must be taken into account in defining the outlines of our future partnership. Europe has in fact grown from 15 to 28 Member States, since the new States do not necessarily have the same historical links with the ACP countries. 

This enlargement has serious implications for the orientation of the EU’s external policy.
Similarly, the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the EU, the consequences of which are not yet fully known, will have repercussions on trade between the ACP countries and the European Union and on the consistency of the European Development Fund ( EDF), of which the United Kingdom is one of the main contributors.


Your task is somewhat alleviated, especially since the various bodies of our Group led, upstream fruitful reflections that have enabled to shape our vision of a new type of partnership after Cotonou, which can ensure a better result for countries and citizens of Africa, the Caribbean and the Pacific.

With these words, I declare open the 107th Session of the ACP Council of Ministers and wish, in the name of our history and the “hope principle” precious to Ernst BLOCH, a great success in our work.

Long live South-South cooperation,
Long live the ACP
Thank you.

CDL : Speech by guest Antônio Carlos de Salles Menezes, Ambassador of Brazil to Togo

Speech by His Excellency Antônio Carlos de Salles Menezes, Ambassador of Brazil to Togo on the occasion of the meeting of the Diplomatic Club of Lomé of April 20, 2018.

Excellency the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Cooperation and African Integration, Robert Dussey

Excellency the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Gabon,

Dear Moderator and Illustrious Writer, Mr. Kangni Alem,

Dear colleagues of the Diplomatic and Consular Corps accredited in Lomé,

My Dear Colleague, Ambassador of Brazil to Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

Dear Ambassadors,

 

Ladies and gentlemen,

It is with great satisfaction that I accepted your invitation, dear friend Robert Dussey, to address me tonight at the Diplomatic Club of Lomé. And the theme I chose, “TOGO AND BRAZIL: AN UNPRELIDED GEOGRAPHIC AND CULTURAL PROXIMITY” is recurrent in all my speeches. I always insist that a large part of the Togolese still have an image of Brazil, their neighbor of the Southwest, like those of the chained Plato – with your permission, the Minister, and great philosopher, to mention Plato in front of you .

But I have already found that most people on this side of the Atlantic do not realize that shadows and echoes of my country, as in the allegory of the famous philosopher of Greek antiquity. They do not realize that on the other side of the ocean is a huge country of 8.5 million square kilometers, which has a lot to offer Togo, and Africa in general. But there are, nevertheless, some Togolese who have already escaped from the cave, like yourself, Professor Dussey, the Minister Guy Madje Lorenzo, the dear friends of the ITRA, our moderator (the writer Kangni Alem), and many others who know the reality of my country. So, I make an appeal to those friends I just mentioned, and to all Togolese of goodwill, for us to work together and more to intensify the visits of businessmen and agents of the State.

Perhaps the airlines will also escape the cavern, and will see, finally, that there is a market that justifies the permanent maintenance of an air link between our two countries. I say that, because the airline Ethiopian Airlines canceled, in 2017, for the second time in three years, the direct air link that existed between Lomé and São Paulo, the economic capital of Brazil. But I must point out that this week we have, in Lomé, a visit of the representatives of the Brazilian company NUTRIVITA, who are negotiating with the Togolese Government an important supply contract for school canteens in Togo.

As for culture, a literary character created by our moderator clearly mentions “the undeniable contributions of Africa to the civilization of Brazil”, and all the Brazilians are proud of this heritage. The practice of “capoeira” here in Lomé by a group of young men from the “Zumbo Fitness Studio” helps keep alive in Togo, this Afro-Brazilian cultural event. They presented themselves last September, during the celebration of our National Day, and will present themselves again next month, during the third edition of the week of the African integration, and for which Brazil is, once again, the guest of honor, thanks to your kindness, the Minister.

In the field of politics, everyone knows that my country is experiencing a political and economic storm since 2016. But fortunately recent statistics show that the recovery in economic growth has already begun. And it must be emphasized that, regardless of the problems observed, Brazil remains one of the largest economies in the world, the seventh, and a member of the G-20 and the BRICS group (with Russia, China, the United India and South Africa). Its relations with the countries of West Africa, and with Togo in particular, have been considered as priorities for decades. It should be noted that since the beginning of this century, our trade balance shows considerable figures, taking into account that Brazil is often mistakenly mentioned as a distant country, or “less close”, as in the publication “INVESTIR TOGO 2017 “. In 2017, for example, almost $ 97 million worth of goods were exported to Togo. As for the fight against corruption, I would like to mention the theme chosen by the Togolese Chancellery for the third edition of the week of African integration, to be held next month, and for which Brazil will be, again, like I have already mentioned, the guest of honor: “WINNING THE BATTLE AGAINST CORRUPTION: A SUSTAINABLE PATH TO THE TRANSFORMATION OF AFRICA”. If I replace “Africa” ​​with “Brazil”, we will see that the fight against this scourge, corruption, is one more element that unites us, in addition to geography and culture.

As for culture, a literary character created by our moderator clearly mentions “the undeniable contributions of Africa to the civilization of Brazil”, and all the Brazilians are proud of this heritage. The practice of “capoeira” here in Lomé by a group of young men from the “Zumbo Fitness Studio” helps keep alive in Togo, this Afro-Brazilian cultural event. They presented themselves last September, during the celebration of our National Day, and will present themselves again next month, during the third edition of the week of the African integration, and for which Brazil is, once again, the guest of honor, thanks to your kindness, the Minister.

 

In the field of politics, everyone knows that my country is experiencing a political and economic storm since 2016. But fortunately recent statistics show that the recovery in economic growth has already begun. And it must be emphasized that, regardless of the problems observed, Brazil remains one of the largest economies in the world, the seventh, and a member of the G-20 and the BRICS group (with Russia, China, the United India and South Africa). Its relations with the countries of West Africa, and with Togo in particular, have been considered as priorities for decades. It should be noted that since the beginning of this century, our trade balance shows considerable figures, taking into account that Brazil is often mistakenly mentioned as a distant country, or “less close”, as in the publication “INVESTIR TOGO 2017 “. In 2017, for example, almost $ 97 million worth of goods were exported to Togo. As for the fight against corruption, I would like to mention the theme chosen by the Togolese Chancellery for the third edition of the week of African integration, to be held next month, and for which Brazil will be, again, like I have already mentioned, the guest of honor: “WINNING THE BATTLE AGAINST CORRUPTION: A SUSTAINABLE PATH TO THE TRANSFORMATION OF AFRICA”. If I replace “Africa” ​​with “Brazil”, we will see that the fight against this scourge, corruption, is one more element that unites us, in addition to geography and culture.

We will have a very important election next October, not only for the Presidency of the Republic, but also for the renewal of the Chamber of Deputies, two-thirds of the Senate, the Governors of States and the Legislative Assemblies of States. More than one hundred million voters will go to the polls. And I am absolutely sure that in 2019 we will have a new country, from a political point of view, where this battle will continue on the agenda. Speaking of South-South Cooperation, I must add that Togo receives support from Brazil for the development of its agriculture through two cooperation projects of the CBA (Brazilian Cooperation Agency). This is the “Cotton4 + Togo” Project, devoted to cotton production, as well as the project to support the ITRA-Togolese Institute of Agronomic Research, which focuses on improving cassava production techniques. will be reactivated soon.

Regarding the training of technicians in cotton production, in 2017 the Brazilian government gave a university extension course for 37 African experts, aiming at capacitation and technology transfer in the cotton sector, with five Togolese among them. The course took place at the prestigious Federal University of Lavras (UFLA), state of Minas Gerais, within the framework of the “Regional Project for the Development of African Technicians in Cotton Production”, which is part of the wider context of Project “Cotton4 + Togo”. Soon, next June, three technicians will go to São Carlos, State of São Paulo, for an important activity related to seed multiplication training.

In addition, the Government of Brazil is fully aware that although Togo is a small country, it has experienced a sustained economic boom in recent years, with GDP growth exceeding 5% in 2016 and 2017, and 4, 4% in 2018, despite the negative effects created by socio-political problems, as mentioned by the recent mission of the International Monetary Fund which came to Lome. Our economic operators are also aware that the Togolese capital has a deep sea terminal that also serves other neighboring countries, as well as a modern airport, last generation.

Long live Brazil. Long live Togo. Long live Gabon

Thank you very much.

Visit of the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Gabon to Togo

JOINT COMMUNIQUE SANCTIONING THE VISIT TO TOGO OF HIS EXCELLENCY NOEL NELSON MESSONE, MINISTER FOR FOREIGN AFFAIRS, COOPERATION, FRANCOPHONIA AND REGIONAL INTEGRATION, IN CHARGE OF THE GABONES OF ABROAD OF THE REPUBLIC OF GABON

Lome, 21 April 218

1- At the invitation of the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Cooperation and African Integration of the Togolese Republic, HE Prof. Robert DUSSEY, His Excellency Noël Noël MESSONE, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Cooperation, Francophonie and Regional Integration, in charge of Gabonese Abroad of the Gabonese Republic, carried out a friendly and working visit to Lomé on 19 and 20 April 2018.

2-During this visit, the two Ministers exchanged views on issues of common interest of a bilateral, regional and international nature.

3-Addressing bilateral issues, Ministers MESSONE and DUSSEY welcomed the excellent relations of friendship and cooperation that unite the two countries and pledged to work towards their strengthening, particularly in the political fields economic, scientific and cultural. To this end, they agreed on the need to relaunch the activities of the Togo-Gabon Joint Cooperation Commission and the forthcoming signature of a visa waiver agreement for the holders of diplomatic and service passports of the two countries. States.

4-Recalling the need for the exchange of opinions and the organization of permanent consultations in various fields related to issues of common interest, they signed a Memorandum of Understanding between the Ministries of Foreign Affairs of the two (02) countries.

5- Considering the issues of cooperation on migration, the two Ministers agreed on a concerted management of cases of Togolese living in an irregular situation in Gabon including through a system of sharing of prior information and a concerted organization of repatriation operations with respect for the rights of migrants.

6-In this regard, HE Prof. Robert DUSSEY stressed the need for an incentive for the voluntary return of Togolese migrants in an irregular situation, in particular by reducing or canceling the visa fees for final exit from Gabonese territory and recalled the urgency of the revision of the agreement on free movement of persons and goods, employment and establishment of 21 March 1975 between Togo and Gabon.

7-The Ministers DUSSEY and MESSONE also welcomed the work undertaken by experts from both countries to prevent and punish child trafficking through effective cooperation between the two (02) States. To this end, the two Ministers agreed on the forthcoming signature of the agreement on the fight against child trafficking in order to facilitate cooperation and collaboration in the investigation, arrest, prosecution and extradition of children. guilty through the competent authorities of each State.

8. With regard to the political situation in Togo, the Minister DUSSEY informed his Gabonese counterpart of the progress of the political dialogue under way and under the facilitation of the Presidents of Ghana and Guinea, their Excellencies Mr. Nana Addo Dankwa AKUFO-ADDO and Professor Alpha CONDE.

9- Minister MESSONE, in turn, warmly congratulated the highest Togolese authorities for the efforts that Togo continues to deploy, especially during its current chairmanship of ECOWAS, in order to preserve peace and security in the country. region, in Africa and in the world.

10- Speaking of regional integration, Ministers MESSONE and DUSSEY welcomed the proactive actions deployed within the framework of ECOWAS and ECCAS which made it possible to stem the crises that are developing and open in their respective community areas and reaffirmed their determination to work together to achieve the desired integration through the implementation of the provisions of the framework agreement of the Continental Free Trade Area signed in March 2018 in Kigali.

13- Referring to international issues including the serious issue of organized cross-border crime, maritime piracy and terrorism, the two heads of diplomacy expressed their deep concern at the resurgence of these various acts, reaffirmed their firm condemnation and called for the pooling of efforts and the pursuit of international cooperation to overcome them.

14. On the sidelines of the official visit, the Head of Gabonese Diplomacy paid a courtesy visit to His Excellency Faure Essozimna GNASSINGBE, President of the Republic, President of the Conference of Heads of State and Government of ECOWAS.

15- On this occasion, Mr. MESSONE congratulated the Head of State for his commitment, alongside the mediator, His Excellency Professor Alpha Condé, which allowed the resolution of the crisis in Guinea Bissau.

16- At the end of his visit, His Excellency Noël Noël MESSONE, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Cooperation, Francophonie and Regional Integration, in charge of Gabonese Abroad of the Republic of Gabon, expressed his his Togolese counterpart, the Togolese Government and people, his heartfelt thanks and deep gratitude for the warm and fraternal welcome extended to him and his delegation.

17- The Minister of Foreign Affairs of Gabon invited Professor Robert DUSSEY to pay an official visit to Gabon.

18- His Excellency Prof. Robert DUSSEY accepted this invitation with good grace. The date of this visit will be fixed later through the diplomatic channel.

 

Work visit of the Minister of External Relations of Angola to Togo

PRESS RELEASE

LOME, APRIL 19, 2018

1-In the framework of the excellent relations of friendship and cooperation existing between Togo and Angola, an Angolan delegation led by His Excellency Manuel Domingos AUGUSTO, Minister of Foreign Relations, carrying a message from the President of the Republic of Angola to his counterpart in Togo, paid a working visit to Lome, Togo, on 18 and 19 April 2018.

2-During this visit, the Angolan Minister exchanged with his Togolese counterpart, His Excellency Professor Robert DUSSEY, on issues of common bilateral and international interest.

3-Addressing the bilateral issues, the two Ministers welcomed the excellent relations of friendship and cooperation that unite their two countries and pledged to work to strengthen them, particularly in the political, military , safe, economic, technical, social and cultural.

4- The Ministers Manuel Domingos AUGUSTO and Robert DUSSEY reviewed the various legal instruments of cooperation existing between Togo and Angola.

5- With regard to the socio-political situation in Togo, Minister Robert DUSSEY informed his Angolan counterpart of the progress of the political dialogue held under the auspices of the Ghanaian President His Excellency Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo Addo, facilitator of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS).

6- Minister Robert DUSSEY also informed his Angolan counterpart of the encouraging results of the extraordinary ECOWAS summit on the political situation in Guinea-Bissau held in Lomé on April 14, 2018, and took this opportunity to congratulate him on the major role played by the Angolan authorities, particularly within the Community of Portuguese Speaking Countries (CPLP).

7- The Angolan Minister of Foreign Relations Manuel Domingos AUGUSTO, in turn, warmly congratulated his Togolese counterpart for the efforts that Togo continues to deploy, especially during its current chairmanship of ECOWAS, to maintain peace and security in the subregion, in Africa and in the world.

8. The Angolan Minister also expressed the support of his country for all the decisions taken by the Extraordinary Summit of ECOWAS held on 14 April 2018 for the end of the crisis in Guinea Bissau.

9- The two heads of diplomacy have also called for the intensification of trade and economic exchanges leading to shared growth beneficial for the Togolese and Angolan populations. In this regard, they agreed on the need to speed up the process of establishing the Togo-Angola Joint Cooperation Commission and the forthcoming signature of a visa-free agreement for holders of diplomatic passports and service of both States.

10- With regard to international issues, the Togolese and Angolan Ministers reaffirmed their firm will to strengthen the role, capacities, effectiveness and efficiency of ECOWAS and ECCAS with a view to curbing the phenomenon of radicalization and violent extremism on the continent, and stressed the need to address the threat posed by these scourges.

11- The Togolese Minister informed his counterpart that discussions are under way between ECOWAS and ECCAS with a view to the forthcoming meeting in Lomé of a summit meeting on this issue, which is a concern major.

12- The Angolan Minister welcomed the proactive actions and initiatives deployed in the framework of the two regional groups that helped to resolve the crises in their respective community areas and reaffirmed the commitment of his Government to work for the strengthening of peace and security on the continent.

13- During the audience that the Head of State granted him, the Angolan Minister congratulated His Excellency Faure Essozimna GNASSINGBE, President of the Conference of Heads of State and Government of ECOWAS, for his commitment , alongside the mediator, His Excellency Professor Alpha Condé, who helped to resolve the crisis in Guinea Bissau.

14- At the end of his visit, His Excellency Manuel Domingos AUGUSTO, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Angola, expressed to his counterpart Robert DUSSEY, to the Government and the people of Togo, his warm thanks and deep gratitude for the warm and fraternal welcome that was reserved during his visit.

15- The Angolan Minister invited his Togolese counterpart to pay an official visit to Angola.

16- His Excellency Prof. Robert DUSSEY accepted this invitation with pleasure. The date of this visit will be fixed later through the diplomatic channel.

“Guinea-Bissau has taken a very important step”

The Togolese Minister for Foreign Affairs, Cooperation and African Integration, Chairman of the ECOWAS Council of Ministers returned on Monday to the conclusions of the summit of the organization that took place on Saturday in Lome . Teacher. Robert Dussey speaks mainly on the Guinea-Bissau issue and on the progress reported at the end of the closed session of the heads of state and government present Saturday.

West African leaders meeting in Lome Saturday decided to extend the mandate of the ECOWAS mission to Guinea-Bissau until June 30, 2018. The conference of Heads of State also encouraged the PAIGC and PSR, the two parties. the country’s major policies to continue the post-crisis dialogue. In addition, it was recommended that the parliamentary elections be held on 18 November. A consensus Prime Minister in the person of Aristides Gomes has been appointed, and a presidential decree will be issued on 17 April. On 19 April, the Parliament will also be open to rule on the appointment of the members of the electoral commission and the prorogation of the legislature.

In the following interview, Robert Dussey, who has led in recent months several ECOWAS missions in the country, talks about how ECOWAS has done to reconcile the positions of the parties to the conflict. He also returns to the mission entrusted to the monitoring committee set up by the Conference of Heads of State.

Togo Breaking News: We are gradually moving towards a way out of the crisis in Guinea-Bissau, with this new roadmap, notably the appointment of the new Prime Minister. A victory for Togolese diplomacy, including the actions of the head of state at the head of ECOWAS? </ Strong>

Robert Dussey: </ strong> Guinea-Bissau has just taken a very important step thanks to the combined actions of ECOWAS, and the determination of its current President, HE Faure Essozimna GNASSINGBE. In truth, the victory you are talking about is before us, it will be that of Bissau-Guineans who are only asking for peace, stability and development. It will be finally, that of ECOWAS, our common organization!

How did you achieve this feat, because you have been the one who has led most ECOWAS missions in recent months? </ strong>

I think that for almost three years, all Bissau-Guinean actors (men, women, religious, veterans, wise men, young people, civil society) needed to be listened to; that’s what we did during our missions!

Obviously, it was important for ECOWAS to understand the political environment of this brother country and especially to remind, to sensitize all these actors to their moral and political responsibility towards the people of Guinea-Bissau and its future.

Basically, this exploit comes from the Bissau-Guinean political class, and President José Mario VAZ, who were able during these long and dangerous negotiations to overcome their differences.

We must congratulate them all and encourage them all to work for lasting peace in Guinea-Bissau.

What will be the mission of this monitoring committee set up by the Conference of Heads of State? </ strong>

The Monitoring Committee, composed of the Head of State of Guinea and ECOWAS Mediator, Alpha Condé, his Togolese counterpart and current President of ECOWAS, Faure Essozimna GNASSINGBE, and the President of the Commission of the regional organization, Jean-Claude Brou, will take all appropriate measures to implement this roadmap, including the formation of a new government headed by the Prime Minister, Aristides GOMES who has just been appointed, the reopening of the parliament, the appointment of members of the National Electoral Commission and the organization of the parliamentary elections in November 2018.

The President of the Togolese Republic and ECOWAS are fully prepared to accompany Guinea-Bissau to restore peace and stability, which are crucial priorities for our sub-region.

[VIDEO] final Communiqué of the extraordinary ECOWAS summit

 

A l’issue du Sommet extraordinaire des chefs d’Etat et de Gouvernement de la CEDEAO tenu à Lomé la capitale togolaise, nous vous invitons à réécouter en vidéo le communiqué final présenté par M. Robert Dussey, Ministre togolais des affaires étrangères, de la coopération et de l’intégration africaine.

 

Guinea-Bissau: “We are thinking of getting out of this crisis by the end of the year”

A prime minister appointed since April 17, the reopening of Parliament and legislative elections in November, after 3 years of crisis, Guinea Bissau can finally see a better future.

Since his arrival at the head of ECOWAS in June 2017, President Faure Gnassingbé has spared no time and effort in trying to unblock the situation. The previous mediations had given nothing.

He made a personal commitment, sometimes banging his fist on the table, to convince political parties in Guinea-Bissau to find the way out of the crisis.

The announcements made Saturday at the extraordinary ECOWAS summit in Lome by President José Mario Vaz are the result of long negotiations led by Togolese diplomacy with all the protagonists in Bissau.

Robert Dussey, the Togolese Minister of Foreign Affairs, has expressed confidence in a return to normalcy.

‘The monitoring committee set up by ECOWAS will accompany step by step the standardization process in Guinea Bissau. There is a road map that is like an amendment to the Conakry agreement. We expect to get out of this crisis by the end of the year and as efforts on the ground are made, the sanctions will be lifted, “he said.

President Faure Gnassingbé is one of the members of this monitoring committee.

The Lomé summit, which also discussed the situation in Sierra Leone and Togo, the fight against terrorism and the problems related to food insecurity, saw the presence of 10 heads of state from the region. A meaningful participation for an extraordinary session.

A sign of the diplomatic weight and influence of Togo in West Africa. And a head of state who comes out strengthened.

Signature of an association agreement between ECOWAS and Mauritania

The Togolese Minister of Foreign Affairs, Robert Dussey, President-in-Office of the Council of Ministers of ECOWAS, chaired on October 27 in Nouakchott the first session of the Association Council between Mauritania and the West African organization.

Mauritania and ECOWAS signed an association agreement last August in Lomé. The organization would have preferred Nouakchott to present a readmission dossier, but finally the solution of associate state status has been validated.

The country left the West African group 17 years ago.

The agreement became effective; It remains to set the terms and implementation before formal ratification.

The Council underlined the importance of this association which will contribute to increase trade between the States, to stimulate the investment and the development in Mauritania, underlines a statement published Sunday.

Mauritania should quickly join the Common External Tariff (CET) and the Trade Liberalization Scheme (SLE).

On the Mauritanian side, several personalities took part in the Association Council, including Minister for Trade and Industry Naha Mint Hamdi Ould Mouknass and Foreign Minister Isselkou Ahmed Izud Bih.

During his stay in Nouakchott, Robert Dussey was received by President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz.

Signature of an OpenSky Agreement between Togo and Mauritania

An OpenSky agreement was signed Friday in Nouakchott between Mauritania and Togo.

Specifically, Mauritania Airlines may provide direct links to Lomé and Asky by reciprocity to serve Mauritania.

Mauritania Airlines is expected to open a representation agency very soon in the Togolese capital.

The agreement was signed by Togolese Foreign Minister Robert Dussey and the Mauritanian Ministers of Transport and Trade. Mauritanian Foreign Minister Isselkou Ould Ahmed Izid Bih attended the ceremony.

This agreement is in line with the Yamoussoukro agreement on the liberalization of air transport in Africa.

The future Nouakchott-Lomé links will allow the development of bilateral exchanges to offer Mauritania a springboard for integration into ‘Espace Cédéao’. The country is an associate member of the West African organization.

Mauritania Airlines has a fleet of single aisle Boeing 737-800, 700 and 500. It serves Nouadhibou, Zouerate, Abidjan, Bamako, Casablanca, Conakry, Dakar, Las Palmas and Tunis.