Minister of Foreign Affairs, African Integration and Togolese Abroad - Togo
Chief Negotiator of ACP Group for Post-Cotonou 2020 agreement - Professor of Political Philosophy

Prof. Robert Dussey

Minister of Foreign Affairs, African Integration and Togolese Abroad - Togo
Chief Negotiator of ACP Group for Post-Cotonou 2020 agreement - Professor of Political Philosophy

Security Challenges and Stabilization Strategies in the continent

Statement by Honorable Abdisaid Muse Ali, SOMALIA

H.E Professor Robert Dussey, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Regional Integration and Togolese Abroad 

Esteemed members of the Tologese diplomatic corps 

Distinguished guests 

It is a privilege and honor to be invited as a guest speaker in this historic city of Lome, and above all to listen to the Togolese diplomatic corps’ achievements and major orientations for the upcoming year. 

I commend H.E Professor Robert Dussey for initiating this annual gathering, providing an opportunity for various diplomatic missions and the Togolese diplomatic corps to take stock of the ever-changing international dynamics in Africa and beyond, confronted by unprecedented challenges and phenomena. 

You may wonder why I have traveled from Mogadishu to be here. Well it is the same reason why, as my capacity as the Minister of Foreign Affairs, campaigned for Somalia to be a member of the African Union Peace and Security Council earlier this year. 

Our message was: that Somalia has been most affected country in the continent. From a bloody civil war, to fighting al-Shabaab for over a decade, and benefiting most from various stabilization instruments afforded to us by the African Union. 

There is no other country in Africa that has faced multifaceted security challenges like that we have faced in Somalia in the past thirty years. As such, I am speaking from a very unique position today, and to share our experiences and lessons learned, in our collective quest to make Africa safer, securer and stronger together. 

I have been following the regional developments in West Africa closely in recent years, going back as far as my capacity as National Security Advisor. Terrorist attacks since 2021 in Togo – is not merely a coincidence. 

As we have been saying to our neighboring countries, and our allies in West and Southern Africa – that the growth of Al-Qaeda backed or affiliated groups and ISIS in West and Southern Africa is intrinsically linked to al-Shabaab/ISIS in Somalia. With presence of violent extremism in Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger, Nigeria and Benin – Togo is in a position of strategic vulnerability. 

We have observed trends from East Africa to West Africa. The threat of al-Shabaab/ISIS is not limited to Somalia and the Horn of Africa. Through our diplomatic channels and existing partnerships, we have shared real and timely intelligence on al-Shabaab’s operational activities and intentions in East/South/West Africa. The threat is transnational in nature and we have advised the Peace and Security Council to provide the transnational nature of al-Shabaab/ISIS across Africa in order to better inform our efforts and decision making. 

What we know is that al-Shabaab uses its surplus revenue generated to finance other groups. From training Amniyat units and foreign fighters, to providing explosive materials and weapons by exploiting transnational criminal networks, to pumping money into communities by establishing local madrassas as recruitment tools. We have also seen an important trend in the composition of foreign fighters in West Africa – they have fighting experience in East Africa (Somalia, Uganda, DRC) and share commonalities with insurgents in the Wet Africa region, for instance, Swahili being the common language.  

Examples:

  • Active AS cells operating in Cabo Delgado to train fighters in Mozambique 
  • ISIS-Puntland acts as an logistical lead for support to ADF and AS in Cabo Delgado 

It is therefore, expected, for groups likes Jama’a Nusrat ul-Islam wa al-Muslimin to try and now penetrate into Togo – with an objective to create conditions for terrorists to thrive including investing in the rich mineral sectors, to diversify their sources of funding and increase their surplus to consolidate and spread their influences across Africa. 

The increasingly politicized strategic blocs such as G5 and ECOWAS, and fragmented, uncoordinated international response and assistance will do more harm than good in stabilizing in the affected countries. 

There are several vital steps the region must collectively and individually take which has worked for us: 

  1. We must understand the enemy – from our point of view, in our language, their modus operandi, what they want, where they are headed etc., we must know the enemy structurally, operationally and ideologically. 
  2. Second, we must find a way to degrade the enemy. We have learnt that soldiers on the ground is often not the solution but we must come up with intelligence led solutions. This includes dismantling their operational capabilities such as their amniyat units, degrading their capabilities and capacities to acquire and develop explosives, and finally, we must find a way to limit their access to finances and resources. This means creating strategies that are disruptive and deliberate (IED networks, amniyat, finance, ideological hubs). 
  3. Thirdly, foreign fighters are the fuel of the aforementioned transnational terrorist groups. They inject morale, boost confidence of local fighters, and export ideas and jihadi ambition. As such, we must make our terrains as unattractive as possible to foreign fighters. (targeted drone strikes, counter-narrative messaging, improved and coordinated intelligence sharing etc). 
  4. Fourth, we must ask ourselves, what has worked in different parts of Africa, and what hasn’t?  There are case studies, best practices and experiences the region can learn from. Send your diplomats to the Horn of Africa, your security experts, talk to us. 
  5. Taking ownership of your strategic priorities and direction of your country. There will be many vested interests, with competing interests, with resources and assistance thrown at you. You must identify how to best align external support to your national interests in order to effectively secure your country and borders from terrorism. 

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